Relationship Between Iranian EFL Learners’ Perfectionism and Extraversion Considering Age, Gender, and Socioeconomic Status

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of English Language, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

2 English Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran


Most studies about perfectionism focused on the relationship between university students’ perfectionism and academic achievement, learner anxiety and procrastination. Considering the limited research available on perfectionism in the context of EFL learners especially within the Iranian context, and the growing emphasis on the importance of perfectionism role in language learning and academic success, there is a need to investigate this issue. Moreover, the roles of demographic factors such as age, gender and socioeconomic factors in perfectionism in Iranian EFL learners’ literature is underexplored and a gap is easily observable. Therefore, employing a quantitative correlational research design, this study attempted to shed light on the relationship between EFL learners’ demographic factors namely age, gender and socioeconomic status and perfectionism as well as perfectionism and extraversion in Kerman, Iran. The results of this investigation show a meaningful association between perfectionism and extraversion values while age, gender and socioeconomic status of EFL learners do not have a significant relationship with perfectionism.  These results obtained from research on the association between perfectionism and language learning might inform language teachers, educators, supervisors and policymakers of this issue.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

رابطه بین کمال گرایی و برون گرایی زبان آموزان ایرانی با در نظر گرفتن فاکتورهای سن، جنسیت و وضعیت اجتماعی و اقتصادی

Abstract [Persian]

اکثر مطالعات صورت‌‌‌‌‌گرفته در زمینه کمال‌گرایی در آموزش متمرکز بر رابطه بین کمال‌گرایی دانشجویان با پیشرفت تحصیلی، اضطراب و اهمال‌کاری بوده است. با توجه به تحقیقات محدود موجود در خصوص بررسی کمال‌گرایی در زبان‌آموزان زبان انگلیسی به‌ویژه در بافت ایرانی و تاکید روزافزون بر اهمیت تاثیر و نقش کمال‌گرایی در یادگیری زبان و موفقیت تحصیلی، نیاز به بررسی بیشتر این موضوع است. علاوه بر این، نقش عوامل جمعیت‌شناختی مانند سن، جنسیت و عوامل اجتماعی-اقتصادی در کمال‌گرایی در مطالعات زبان آموزان ایرانی نادیده گرفته شده است و یک شکاف تحقیقاتی به راحتی قابل مشاهده است. از این رو، این پژوهش با استفاده از یک طرح پژوهشی همبستگی کمی، سعی در مشخص‌سازی رابطه بین عوامل جمعیت‌شناختی زبان‌آموزان زبان انگلیسی از جمله سن، جنسیت و وضعیت اجتماعی-اقتصادی و کمال‌گرایی و همچنین بررسی رابطه بین کمال‌گرایی و برون‌گرایی زبان‌آموزان زبان انگلیسی در شهر کرمان داشته است. نتایج این تحقیق نشان‌دهنده رابطه معنادار آماری بین کمال‌گرایی و برون‌گرایی است، در حالی که رابطه معناداری بین سن، جنسیت و وضعیت اجتماعی-اقتصادی زبان‌آموزان زبان انگلیسی با کمال‌گرایی مشاهده نگردید. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده در این مطالعه پیرامون ارتباط بین کمال‌گرایی و یادگیری زبان ممکن است باعث ارتقا آگاهی معلمان، مربیان، سرپرستان و سیاست‌گذاران در حیطه آموزش زبان شود

Keywords [Persian]

  • کمال‌گرایی
  • برون‌گرایی
  • انگلیسی به عنوان یک زبان خارجی
  • وضعیت اجتماعی-اقتصاد
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Volume 3, Issue 3 - Serial Number 3
December 2023
Pages 17-38
  • Receive Date: 07 July 2023
  • Revise Date: 19 September 2023
  • Accept Date: 07 October 2023