Analyzing the Relationship between EFL Learners' Personality Traits (Extroversion/ Introversion) and Their Productive Skills

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of English Language, Kerman Branch, Kerman Institute of Higher Education, Kerman, Iran

2 Professor of English Language and Literature, Department of English Language and Literature, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran


The present study was targeted at analyzing the relationship between the language learners' personality traits and their productive skills. In doing so, out of 46 students of intermediate level who were selected based on available sampling, 40 of them participated in this study. After that, a related personality questionnaire was distributed among them. Regarding the score scale, the participants were labeled as extroverts and introverts and put in two groups as Extrovert Group and Introvert Group. Then, pre-test of writing and speaking was conducted and the students' scores were recorded. After receiving the same treatment, posttests of writing and speaking were done to evaluate the participants’ progress in terms of their personality traits. Finally, all the students' scores were collected and inserted to SPSS software for analyzing the possible relationship between students' personality traits and their productive skills. Findings indicated that extroversion had effect on the students' productive skills, as a positive relationship found between extroverted students and their achievement in writing and speaking language skills. Based on the received information, there was a considerable difference between the extroversion personality trait and the students' writing and speaking skills. However, after treatment in the introverted learners’ group, no significant correlation found between their personality traits and their scores of productive skills. Accordingly, it can be said that the higher extroversion in language learners, the more successful achievement in their productive skills.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

تحلیل رابطه ویژگیهای (صفات) شخصیتی زبان آموزان زبان انگلیسی و مهارت های تولیدی آنها

Abstract [Persian]

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل رابطه بین ویژگی‌های شخصیتی زبان‌آموزان زبان انگلیسی و مهارت‌های تولیدی آن‌ها انجام شد. بدین منظور، از 46 دانش آموز مقطع متوسطه که بر اساس نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند، 40 نفر در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. سپس پرسشنامه شخصیتی مرتبط بین آنها توزیع شد. با توجه به مقیاس نمره، شرکت کنندگان به عنوان برون گرا و درون گرا مشخص شدند و برای شرکت در این پژوهش در دو گروه، برون گرا و گروه درون گرا قرار گرفتند. سپس، پیش آزمون نوشتاری و گفتاری انجام شد و نمرات زبان آموزان ثبت شد. پس از دریافت آموزش یکسان ، پس آزمون نوشتاری و گفتاری برای ارزیابی پیشرفت شرکت کنندگان از نظر ویژگی های شخصیتی انجام شد. در نهایت، نمرات همه دانش آموزان برای تجزیه و تحلیل رابطه احتمالی بین ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و مهارت‌های تولیدی آنها، جمع‌آوری و وارد نرم افزار اس پی اس اس شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که برون‌گرایی بر مهارت‌های تولیدی دانش‌آموزان تأثیر دارد، زیرا بین زبان آموزان برون‌گرا و دستاوردهای آنها در مهارت‌های نوشتاری و گفتاری رابطه مثبت یافت شد. بر اساس اطلاعات دریافتی، بین ویژگی شخصیتی برون‌گرایی و مهارت‌های نوشتاری و گفتاری دانش‌آموزان تفاوت قابل توجهی وجود دارد. اما در گروه یادگیرندگان درونگرا پس از آموزش، هیچ ارتباط معناداری بین ویژگی های شخصیتی و نمرات مهارت های تولیدی آنها یافت نشد. بر این اساس می‌توان گفت که هر چه برون‌گرایی در زبان آموزان بالاتر باشد، در مهارت‌های تولیدی موفق‌تر هستند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • ویژگی های شخصیتی
  • برونگرایی/ درونگرایی
  • مهارت نوشتاری
  • مهارت گفتاری
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Volume 3, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
ISBN 9783899664812
January 2023
Pages 85-100
  • Receive Date: 12 May 2022
  • Revise Date: 22 August 2022
  • Accept Date: 11 November 2022