Impact of Extra-Curricular Reading Materials on the Development of EFL Learners’ Motivation

Document Type : Original Article


English Department, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran


This study aimed to investigate the impact of extra-curricular resources and materials on the development of EFL learners’ motivation and ability to understand basic concepts of language. The IELTS pre-test and post-test scores of forty EFL learners, selected conveniently and homogenized through a Level Assessment (OPT) test, were compared to achieve this purpose. In addition, the participants who were randomly divided into experimental and control groups completed a motivation questionnaire, also called the academic motivation scale. This questionnaire was used to assess the participants’ motivation to learn English through extra-curricular materials used outside a classroom. The obtained results indicated the effectiveness of using extra-curricular materials on motivation. The results also confirmed the recent findings that using extra-curricular materials is a useful way to improve the understanding of the learners’ basic English language concepts and the development of their motivation.


Article Title [Persian]


Abstract [Persian]

هدف از این مطالعه بررسی تأثیر منابع و مواد فوق برنامه بر رشد انگیزه و توانایی زبان آموزان زبان انگلیسی برای درک مفاهیم اساسی زبان بود. نمرات پیش آزمون و پس آزمون آیلتس چهل زبان آموز زبان انگلیسی که به راحتی انتخاب شده و از طریق آزمون ارزیابی سطح (OPT) یکسان شده بودند، برای دستیابی به این هدف مقایسه شدند. علاوه بر این، شرکت کنندگانی که به طور تصادفی به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل تقسیم شدند، پرسشنامه انگیزشی را که مقیاس انگیزش تحصیلی نیز نامیده می شود، تکمیل کردند. این پرسشنامه برای ارزیابی انگیزه شرکت کنندگان برای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی از طریق مواد فوق برنامه مورد استفاده در خارج از کلاس استفاده شد. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده حاکی از اثربخشی استفاده از مواد فوق برنامه بر انگیزش بود. نتایج همچنین یافته‌های اخیر را تأیید کرد که استفاده از مواد فوق برنامه راهی مفید برای بهبود درک مفاهیم پایه زبان انگلیسی زبان‌آموزان و همچنین توسعه انگیزه آنها است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • مطالب غیر آموزشی
  • انگیزه
  • مواد آموزشی
  • مفاهیم
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Volume 3, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
ISBN 9783899664812
January 2023
Pages 28-39
  • Receive Date: 20 September 2022
  • Revise Date: 17 November 2022
  • Accept Date: 21 December 2022